POP release the five core social indicators and latest GGPI (2021-07-20)

Jul 20, 2021
Hong Kong Public Opinion Research Institute Press Conference – Press Materials

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Detailed Findings

POP releases five core social indicators

Special Announcement

The predecessor of Hong Kong Public Opinion Program (HKPOP) was The Public Opinion Programme at The University of Hong Kong (HKUPOP). “POP” in this release can refer to HKPOP or its predecessor HKUPOP.

Abstract

POP successfully interviewed 1,003 Hong Kong residents by a random telephone survey conducted by real interviewers from late June to early July. Our survey shows that on a scale of 0 to 10, people’s ratings on the five core social indicators ranked from the highest to the lowest are “prosperity”, “stability”, “freedom”, “rule of law” and “democracy”. Their scores are 4.94, 4.76, 4.56, 4.48 and 4.04 respectively. All indicators have not changed significantly compared with a month ago. The effective response rate of the survey is 46.4%. The maximum sampling error of ratings is +/-0.28 at 95% confidence level.

Contact Information

Date of survey : 30/6-8/7/2021
Survey method : Random telephone survey conducted by real interviewers
Target population : Cantonese-speaking Hong Kong residents aged 18 or above
Sample size[1] : 1,003 (including 503 landline and 500 mobile samples)
Effective response rate : 46.4%
Sampling error[2] : Sampling error of ratings not more than +/-0.28 at 95% conf. level
Weighting method : Rim-weighted according to figures provided by the Census and Statistics Department. The gender-age distribution of the Hong Kong population came from “Mid-year population for 2020”, while the educational attainment (highest level attended) distribution and economic activity status distribution came from “Women and Men in Hong Kong – Key Statistics (2020 Edition)”.
  • This figure is the total sample size of the survey. Some questions may only involve a subsample, the size of which can be found in the tables below.
  • All error figures in this release are calculated at 95% confidence level. “95% confidence level” means that if we were to repeat a certain survey 100 times with different random samples, we would expect 95 times having the population parameter within the respective error margins calculated. Because of sampling errors, when quoting percentages, journalists should refrain from reporting decimal places, whereas one decimal place can be used when quoting rating figures.

Latest Figures

Herewith the latest figures of the five core social indicators:

Date of survey 8-12/3/21 7-9/4/21 3-7/5/2021 7-10/6/21 30/6-8/7/21 Latest change
Sample size 534-654 597-605 605-610 602-607 595-606
Response rate 47.6% 50.1% 55.5% 55.1% 46.4%
Latest findings Finding Finding Finding Finding Finding & error
Degree of prosperity 4.26[3] 4.73[3] 4.41[3] 4.83[3] 4.94+/-0.20 +0.11
Degree of stability 4.26[3] 4.76[3] 4.42[3] 4.80[3] 4.76+/-0.23 -0.04
Degree of freedom 4.70 4.77 4.56 4.77 4.56+/-0.28 -0.21
Compliance with the rule of law 3.92[3] 4.40[3] 4.01[3] 4.39[3] 4.48+/-0.26 +0.10
Degree of democracy 3.59[3] 3.68 3.56 3.82 4.04+/-0.27 +0.22
  • The difference between the figure and the result from the previous survey has gone beyond the sampling error at 95% confidence level, meaning that the change is statistically significant prima facie. However, whether the difference is statistically significant is not the same as whether they are practically useful or meaningful, and different weighting methods could have been applied in different surveys.

On a scale of 0 to 10, people’s ratings on the five core social indicators ranked from the highest to the lowest are “prosperity”, “stability”, “freedom”, “rule of law” and “democracy”. Their scores are 4.94, 4.76, 4.56, 4.48 and 4.04 respectively. All indicators have not changed significantly compared with a month ago.

Opinion Daily

In 2007, POP started collaborating with Wisers Information Limited whereby Wisers supplies to POP a record of significant events of that day according to the research method designed by POP. These daily entries would then become “Opinion Daily” after they are verified by POP.

For the polling items covered in this press release, the previous survey was conducted from 7 to 10 June, 2021 while this survey was conducted from 30 June to 8 July, 2021. During this period, herewith the significant events selected from counting newspaper headlines and commentaries on a daily basis and covered by at least 25% of the local newspaper articles. Readers can make their own judgment if these significant events have any impacts to different polling figures.

8/7/21 Two towers of The Pavilia Farm III will be demolished and rebuilt for failing to meet concrete strength requirement.
6/7/21 Police arrests nine people who allegedly plotted terrorist attacks.
5/7/21 Mainland and Hong Kong officials attend a legal forum on national security law.
4/7/21 Police arrests two people who allegedly incited violence online.
4/7/21 Consumption voucher scheme opens for registration.
3/7/21 The government calls the July 1 stabbing a “lone wolf terrorist attack”.
2/7/21 A man kills himself after stabbing a police officer in Causeway Bay.
1/7/21 Xi Jinping delivers a speech at Chinese Communist Party’s 100th anniversary ceremony.
25/6/21 John Lee, Chris Tang and Raymond Siu are appointed as Chief Secretary, Secretary for Security and Commissioner of Police respectively.
24/6/21 Hong Kong confirms 7 cases of coronavirus disease, all related to coronavirus variant.
23/6/21 Apple Daily prints one million copies of its final issue.
22/6/21 Apple Daily stops updating several pages.
21/6/21 Hong Kong has not reported new local cases for 14 days. The government will relax anti-epidemic measures.
19/6/21 Two Next Digital senior executives are denied bail and remanded in custody.
17/6/21 Police arrests senior executives of Apple Daily and freezes assets of the company under the national security law.
14/6/21 G7 summit ends and issues communique that mentions China multiple times.
12/6/21 Luo Huining says people who shout “end one-party rule” are enemies of Hong Kong.
11/6/21 The government amends the “Film Censorship Ordinance” to ban exhibition of films that endanger national security.
10/6/21 NPCSC passes “Anti-Foreign Sanctions Law”.

Data Analysis

Our survey shows that on a scale of 0 to 10, people’s ratings on the five core social indicators ranked from the highest to the lowest are “prosperity”, “stability”, “freedom”, “rule of law” and “democracy”. Their scores are 4.94, 4.76, 4.56, 4.48 and 4.04 respectively. All indicators have not changed significantly compared with a month ago.

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